Production planning is a vital component in modern day manufacturing operations. Without production planning, facilities are unable to schedule production accurately and accordingly, which limits the functionality of the entire operation. This is why integration of a production planning system can be extremely beneficial and will establish the groundwork for how production should be running as well as locating areas where productivity is lacking. If any aspect within the factory is experiencing low productivity, then the production planning software will generate various schedules that will keep production flowing efficiently. Before implementing a production planning software, it is important to understand the five types of production planning.
The Five Types of Planning in Production
The five types of production planning include the following:
- Job Method - This method includes the task of manufacturing a product that is handled either by a single worker or by a group. The type of jobs that may utilize this method may be either small scale or complex. This method is usually incorporated when customer specifications are essential in the production. Small scale jobs are those for which production is considered easy, as the worker has the required skill-set for the job. It is also important to note that very little specialized equipment is needed in these tasks/jobs. Considering these components, the customer’s specifications and requirements can be included at anytime during progression of the job without altering the process.
- Flow Method - Very similar to the batch method (which is also included in this blog), the aim is to improve material and work flow, reduce labor cost, and ultimately complete the work much quicker. Differing from the batch method, work progresses as a flow, hence the name the flow method. Assembly lines that make televisions tend to utilize this method. The product is manufactured by a number of collective operations in which materials move from multiple stages without time lags and interruptions.
- Mass Production Method - Within this method, goods are usually produced utilizing standard techniques such as balance production and product-wise layout.
- Batch Method - As mentioned before, this is similar to the flow method. This method usually falls under businesses that are growing that also have growing production volumes as well. It requires a division of work into parts. For a part of work to process, it is essential that the previous parts get completed. An example of a business that uses this would be electronic parts manufacturing, because it requires specialization of labor for each division.
- Process Method - This method includes the product being produced utilizing a uniform and standardized sequence. Very specific and sophisticated machinery is utilized here and production is continuous.
Understanding these types of planning in production are essential before implementing a method. A software that can aid in production planning is PlanetTogether’s Advanced Planning and Scheduling Software (APS), which is a software that can provide thorough insight into your manufacturing operation. APS software has become a must for manufacturers that are seeking to take their production up a notch through efficiency optimization and waste reduction. APS has become a necessity for manufacturers around the globe.
Advanced Planning and Scheduling Software
Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) software has become a must for modern-day manufacturing operations due to customer demand for increased product mix and fast delivery combined with downward cost pressures. APS can be quickly integrated with a ERP/MRP software to fill gaps where these system lack planning and scheduling flexibility and accuracy. Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) helps planners save time while providing greater agility in updating ever-changing priorities, production schedules, and inventory plans.
- Create optimized schedules balancing production efficiency and delivery performance
- Maximize output on bottleneck resources to increase revenue
- Synchronize supply with demand to reduce inventories
- Provide company-wide visibility to capacity
- Enable scenario data-driven decision making
Implementation of Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) software will take your manufacturing operations to the next level of production efficiency, taking advantage of the operational data you already have in your ERP.
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Topics: production planning and control